
(2016 December): “So easy to
understand” comment from an Australian engineer.
(2016 November): Work continues on the second book.
(2016 November): “LargeScale Structure of the Dynamic Steady
State Universe” has now been
published in the
American Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol.4, No.6,
2016, pp.6577.
Astract and Links to HTML and PDF.
(2016 June):
New research paper The Nature of Gravitational
Collapse has
been published in the
American Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol.4, No.2,
2016, pp.1533.
Abstract and Links:
—Another
major DSSU success, as it reveals amazing new insights! The theory has
uncovered the mechanism by which mass undergoes a total conversion to
energy. Yes, a mass to energy conversion with 100% efficiency! As everything else in the DSSU, it is a
perfectly natural process. Truly amazing!
Have gravity waves really been detected?
Comments updated
2016 June: Comment #19
(2016426:) A mathematical cosmologist claims the values of the
Hubbleexpansion parameter and the cosmicbackground temperature are the
most important elements for understanding the real Universe!
Letter and response.
(2016 March) What is the difference between a physical and a
mechanical aether? ...
Be aware of the distinctions among the terms commonly applied to aether:
Terms such as physical, mechanical, subquantum, and dynamic.
Link to new Question & Answer.
The book, Guide to the Construction of the Natural Universe, is now available at the
Niagara Falls Public Library (Victoria branch). If you
live in the Province of Ontario, your local library can request the book
from the Niagara Falls
Public Library.
Participate in a unique exploration of the Cosmos: venture into the
subatomic realm, even into the subquantum realm where the roots of reality
reside, and into the domain of cosmicscale cellstructure and beyond to
infinity. Along the way, discover the cause of mass, the cause of
gravitation, and rediscover Einstein’s “nonponderable” aether and Heraclitus’
harmonyofopposites principle. … The book represents the ultimate
vindication for all the skeptics who resisted the "preposterous" Big Bang
mythology and who refused to join the explodingcosmos religion.
This new work contains 317 pages, 61 illustrations, references, and
index … Available from
CFAR Books.
My comments on the latest mass media "Official Science"
news story:
Do not be misled by the recent reports of the detection of gravity waves.
What the LIGO apparatus measures is the interference from beams of
selfgenerated electromagnetic waves. It seems highly probable that what
LIGO actually detected was some vibrational “noise” or some unexplained
interference; and NOT gravity waves originating from a distant binary system
(in which two extremely massive black holes are supposedly in the process of
merging). How the data, the wave patterns, are interpreted is subject to
theory and restricted by theory. Naturally the official
interpretation must conform to the Officiallysanctioned theory of gravity
—Einstein’s general theory of relativity. Thus, the light patterns recorded
by LIGO are interpreted via Einstein’s mathematical concept of gravity. The
problem is the generalrelativitygravity interpretation, as is well known,
ignores the space medium!
Have gravity waves really been detected?
Think about this: The academic experts do not have the cause and mechanism
of gravity (Isaac Newton did not, Albert Einstein did not, and today’s
bigbang astrophysicists do not). Their theory of gravity is embarrassingly
incomplete! So, if they do not yet understand the nature of gravity itself,
how then can they claim to be able to recognize the waves that gravity
supposedly emits? The experts cannot even answer the simple question:
Specifically, what is it that is waving? What is waving back and forth?
Here is something else the reports fail to mention: The
gravity waves that are actually detectable are those associated with the
turbulence in the aether flow (the space medium streaming through our Solar
System).
Australian physicist Reginald T. Cahill has been examining these aetherflow
waves for over 15 years. –CR (2016 May)
Updated 2016 June. See Comment #19
(2016 Jan 6) Now published:
Olbers’
Paradox Resolved for the Infinite NonExpanding Universe, American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics
Vol.4, No.1, (2016 January).
Abstract & download links.
Excerpts:
● “The man accredited with discovering universe expansion did not believe
that the universe was expanding. Hubble was convinced that the key evidence,
the cosmic redshift, was caused by some other factor, something more
fundamental than mere expansion.”
● “With the recent discovery of a new cosmicredshift mechanism, and its
theoretical validation, it turns out that Hubble was right.”
● Explains how “an infinite, nonexpanding, perpetually regenerating
universe" is able to predict a dark night sky.
Press Release (2015 Oct 15):
The Big Bang is no longer a viable hypothesis !
(2016 June)
Now posted. Link to details:
"DSSU Validated by Redshift Theory and Structural Evidence",
Physics Essays, Vol.28, No.4, p455473 (2015 Dec)
—Delivers the coup de grâce to the Big Bang.
Abstract & Links.
Both Reviewers enthusiastically endorsed this "wellwritten and incisive
article."
(2015Oct 6) Webpage added for article CosmicRedshift Distance Law Without c
Without H: –Comments &
Links– Describes the challenge of getting DSSU papers
published.
(2015 Aug 20:) Allow me to extend a sincere "Thank You" for the many
invitations to join social media and professional networks.
Unfortunately I must decline. It’s simply a matter of precious time —there
is just too little of it. All my available time is taken up by research,
writing, and website maintenance —in fact, two more web domains have been
purchased. It is all being done for the purpose of providing the educated
and interested public with the ammunition to refute and replace the utterly
bankrupt bigbang Worldview. (However, not to give the impression of a total
recluse, seclusionist, or misanthrope, I do manage to squeeze in a few
delightful hours of ballroom dancing every week or two.) –CR
(2015 Aug:) Brief update on the status of the neutrino and its
adaptation into the DSSU particle theory. See
Section 5 of
the Discussion webpage
for the article: The Fundamental Process of Energy
(2015 Aug:) The article
The Universe Is Infinite
(Part 1) has been revised.
(2015 July:)
Comments and questions from
a 14year old student.
LATEST RESEARCH PAPERS:
"The Nature of Gravitational Collapse"
–Published in American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics. (
Abstract and Links.)

"Olbers’ Paradox Resolved for the Infinite NonExpanding Universe"
–Published in American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics. (
Abstract & download links.)

"DSSU Validated by Redshift Theory and Structural Evidence" published
in
Physics Essays, Vol.28, No.4, p455473 (2015 Dec).
Abstract.
Both Reviewers enthusiastically endorsed this "wellwritten and incisive
article."

Published in the
American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics,
AJAA, Vol.3, No.2, 2015:
Ellipticity, Its Origin & Progression in Comoving Galaxies
Local highresolution PDF.
HIGHLIGHTS:
• Provides the firstever natural explanation for the cause of the
elliptical shape of nonrotating galaxies
• Retains the foundation premise of all modern cosmology but rejects the
absurd concept of wholeuniverse expansion
• Takes full advantage of the universe’s cosmic cellular structure and
exploits the DSSU theory of unified gravity domains
• Amazingly, the mechanism that stretches galaxies turns out to be the very
same mechanism that causes the cosmic spectral redshift!
Published Dec 2014 in the
American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics:
"Cosmic Redshift in the Nonexpanding Cellular Universe” —details the
actual causal mechanism.
Abstract.
Preprint with larger images.
HIGHLIGHTS:
• Entirely new concept for cosmic redshift mechanism;
• Retains the foundation premise of all modern cosmology;
• But does not require wholeuniverse expansion;
• A redshift based on the DSSU theory of unified gravity & cosmic cellular
structure;
• Remarkable agreement with independently established redshift distances.
The Dynamic Steady State Universe.
This work brings together the main pieces of the cosmic
puzzle in a stepbystep construction of the Natural Universe. Published in
Physics
Essays Vol.27 No.2 (2014 June issue) "... the arguments are
wellmade. The article is competent, enjoyable and readable." —Reviewer
(PDF download)
Higgs Boson Discovered?
After 50 long years of searching, Physicists claim to have detected the
Higgs boson, the "particle" that ostensibly bestows the property of mass on
all other such particles. Is it now time to celebrate? … Definitely not.
The question now is this: If the Higgs ‘particle’ is the giver
of mass to all other particles, what then gives the Higgs itself its mass?!
(Yes, the newly discovered particle has mass, lots of it!) A difficult and
embarrassing question indeed. It is like asking: If
God created everything, then who, or what, created God?
While physicists think they have solved the mass problem, the
reality is that they have unwittingly exposed an even bigger problem —the
riddle of “First Cause”.

Glossary of Terms
used in Cosmology and Astrophysics with particular emphasis on DSSU theory.
(Opens in separate Window or Tab)

GENERAL INTEREST ARTICLES:
Mysteries & Paradoxes that Plague Standard Cosmology
(Updated 20157)
Cosmology Crisis of 1998 (Revised 20155)
Critique of Conventional Cosmology ...
comments relating to the 'preposterous' expandinguniverse paradigm.
Bafflement
—the remarkable admission of a physicist.
The Cosmology Debate That Never Happened
—During the 20th century there was a decadeslong debate: The cataclysmic
expanding universe VS the stable expanding universe. But there has never
been a debate of the dynamic expanding universe VS the dynamic
nonexpanding universe. (Posted
2011 Oct)
Models of the Universe
—Historical, Expanding, and Cellular universes. INCLUDES A USEFUL TABLE FOR
COMPARING THEORIES.
The Universe Is Infinite
(Part 1)
—overcoming a "central" problem of cosmology theories.
The Universe Is Infinite
(Part 2)
—an explanation of how the universe can always have existed and will always
exist.
DSSU, The
NonExpanding Universe: Structure, Redshift, Distance
—A long soughtafter goal of astrophysicists has been a formulation of cosmic distance that is
independent of the speed of light. The goal has now been achieved. The
present Paper details the surprisingly simple distance expression and its
validating agreement with Supernova data.
Why Copernicus Did Not Need a Force of Gravity
—Explores the question of why no one, except Newton, invoked a force.
(Posted April, 2011)
Gravity and Lambda —A Story of Opposites
(.htm) —A story of opposites in harmony. Key differences between the Conventional
Cosmology and the New Cosmology are presented.
Dynamic Cosmic Cell
—The Structural Component of the DSSU —Animated image and discussion
of the selfsustaining, selfbalancing system.
Why
Einstein Did Not Receive the Nobel Prize for His Theory of Relativity
—“By 1922 Einstein had been nominated about fifty times —most were for his
relativity theories.”
Questions & Answers & Comments

COSMOLOGY ARTICLES, etc:
(2016 June)
Now posted. Link to details:
DSSU Validated by Redshift Theory and Structural Evidence,
Physics Essays, Vol.28, No.4, p455473 (2015 Dec)
—Delivers the coup de grâce to the Big Bang.
Abstract & Links.
Both Reviewers enthusiastically endorsed this "wellwritten and incisive
article."
The Dynamic Steady State Universe.
This work brings together the main pieces of the cosmic
puzzle in a stepbystep construction of the Natural Universe.
Published in Physics
Essays Vol.27 No.2 (2014 June issue) (PDF download) "... the arguments
are wellmade. The article is competent, enjoyable and readable." —Reviewer
for Physics Essays Journal
Published 2016 January:
Olbers’
Paradox Resolved for the Infinite NonExpanding Universe, American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics
Vol.4, No.1, (2016 January).
Abstract & download links.
Excerpts:
● “The man accredited with discovering universe expansion did not believe
that the universe was expanding. Hubble was convinced that the key evidence,
the cosmic redshift, was caused by some other factor, something more
fundamental than mere expansion.”
● “With the recent discovery of a new cosmicredshift mechanism, and its
theoretical validation, it turns out that Hubble was right.”
"Cosmic Redshift in the Nonexpanding Cellular Universe"
(Journal pdf)
—details the actual causal mechanism. Published in the
American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics, Vol.2, No.5 (2014)
Abstract.
Local copy with quality images: (Preprint pdf).
HIGHLIGHTS:
• Entirely new concept for cosmic redshift mechanism;
• Retains the foundation premise of all modern cosmology;
• But does not require wholeuniverse expansion;
• A redshift based on the DSSU theory of unified gravity & cosmic cellular
structure;
• Remarkable agreement with independently established redshift distances.
The Cosmology Debate That Never Happened
What historians call "the greatest cosmological debate in
history” was between TWO expanding universes —two
hypothetical models that share the same, I repeat, the same
foundational property! If one is to claim some great clash of ideas (let
alone the "greatest") then surely there must exist some deep dividing
difference! (Posted 2011 Oct)
The Case for a Cellular Universe
—the Story of a Baffling Omission in Modern Cosmology (Revised 2015)
LargeScale Structure of the Dynamic Steady State Universe published in
the American Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol.4, No.6,
2016, pp.6577.
Astract and Links.
Highlights:
■ Presents the first 2 of the 4 main postulates that define the DSSU.
■ Spacemedium expansion and contraction are perpetually held in balance,
thus ensuring a nonexpanding universe.
■ Explains how the two dynamic processes of the DSSU’s space medium sustain
the cellular structure responsible for the pattern of matter distribution in
our Universe.
CosmicRedshift Distance Law Without c
Without H –Comments &
Links– Simplifying the redshiftdistance formula by removing the
speedoflight constant and the Hubble parameter —while maintaining
agreement with observational evidence.
EXTERNAL LINKS:
Big Bang
Never Happened –Home Page and Summary
Noteworthy video of a simulated cellular universe. The nodal galaxy structures are
most interesting.

DSSU Theory:
Theoretical
Foundation and Pillars of the DSSU (Introduction) —This
introductory essay gives a thematic tour of historical and modern universes
culminating with the Natural Universe.
Currently undergoing revision and updating: Theoretical Foundation and Pillars of the Dynamic Steady State Universe
(pdf) —The first complete presentation of all four
postulates of DSSU theory. A powerful paper that resolves the
causeofcauses paradox, explains the nonindependent nature of time, and
reveals the 'supreme advantage'. It includes a concise comparison with
standard cosmology focusing on realworld viability.
Supplementary Discussion: The
Primary Process
The Fundamental Process of Energy —A Qualitative Unification of
Energy, Mass, and Gravity. (Abstract
& Reviews & Links) … This article reveals
the secret behind photon confinement. (Contains only a bare minimum of mathematics
and mainly in one of the 14 sections.)
PART 1 published in
Infinite Energy Magazine Issue #113 (Jan/Feb 2014)
PART 2 published in
Infinite Energy Magazine Issue #114 (Mar/Apr 2014)
Headlined as:
A "Conceptual Unification of Energy, Mass and Gravity"
Dynamic Cosmic Cell
—The Structural Component of the DSSU —Animated image and discussion
of the selfsustaining, selfbalancing system.
Unified Gravitation Cells
of the DSSU —Constructing the Universe with Cosmic Gravity Cells
Space Flow
Equations and ExpansionContraction Rates (pdf) —This paper
explores the mathematical aspects of the two space postulates of DSSU
theory —and uncovers some profound consequences.

ARTICLES on AETHER:
Documentary
movie footage in which Einstein states, "There exists an aether"
—High
resolution .mpg video.
—Low
resolution .wmv video.
The
Aether Experiments and the Impact on Cosmology
—The aether has been detected at least 6 times in recent history. Its most
recent "rediscovery", in 2001, led to the longsought causal mechanism of
gravity —a discovery which, in turn, is revolutionizing cosmology.
MichelsonMorley and the
Story of the Aether Theory —Richard Milton's analysis of the
historical details involving the misrepresentation, bias, and coverup that
hampered the Aether theory.
The History of
the Aether Theory
—The historic development of the
aether as a scientific theory of space itself. What started as the "fifth
element" of Antiquity becomes molded by theoretical constraints and
experimental evidence into the dualdynamic subquantum medium —the Essence of the Universe.
(Updated
20162)
Relativity of
Time in the AetherSpace of the DSSU —How intrinsic time and relative time are related.
DSSU Relativity –The Lorentz Transformations Applied to
AetherSpace —Ranzan
Reprinted by permission of Physics Essays Publication,
Physics Essays Vol.23, No.3, p520. (2010).
ABSTRACT
The Physical Nature of Length Contraction
—the DSSU Theory of Length Contraction Induced by Absolute Motion.
An easy to follow examination of how the mode by which matter is “conducted”
through luminiferous aether causes the matter to contract. A simple
derivation of the mathematical expression for this physical phenomenon is
presented. There is also a brief discussion of relevant historical aspects
and of nonphysical length contraction.
Reviewer's comments:
“This is amazing …” “The paper is interesting …” –Applied Physics
Research reviewer. Published in
Applied Physics Research journal
Vol.5, No.1
(2013
Feb).
Contradiction Divides Two Aether Theories —An exploration into the three parts
of the speedoflight postulate.
Reprinted by permission of PEP, from
Physics Essays Journal
(Vol 24, No.3, Sept, 2011)
...
ABSTRACT
Basic  level mathematical and graphical exploration of dynamic aether flow:
PDF
Here is an external webpage with an extensive list of
research papers on the aetherdrift experiments, and the larger question of energy in space.

DSSU RESEARCH PAPERS:
DSSU Cosmic RedshiftDistance Relation (htm)
—Converting the cosmic redshift into distance for our Cellular Universe using
a simple and elegant equation.
Large Scale Structure of the Dynamic Steady State Universe (pdf) How a dualdynamic space medium sustains the cellular structure
(published in AJAA in 2016).
—Presents the postulates and implications of regional spacemedium expansion and
contraction.
CosmicScale Structural Features Explained (pdf)
(Chapter 2 of original DSSU Manuscript)
—The Spacing of Clusters
—Sheets of Galaxies
—Supernodes
—Rightangled Walls of Galaxies.
The Cosmic Background Radiation in the DSSU
—The natural explanation of the microwave background radiation applicable to
the natural Cellular Universe.
Ellipticity, Its Origin & Progression in Comoving Galaxies,
American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics,
AJAA, Vol.3, No.2, 2015.
Local
highresolution PDF.
HTML version available from AJAA
here.

GRAVITY:
The Processes of Gravitation –The Cause and Mechanism of Gravitation by
C. Ranzan –A revolutionary paper on gravity published in the Journal of
Modern Physics and Applications Vol.2014:3
(2014).
( Abstract & Reviews & Links.
Includes link to hiresolution PDF) "Revolutionary".
Why Copernicus Did Not Need a Force of Gravity
—Explores the question of why no one, except Newton, invoked a force. (Rev 20119)
First ever, journalpublished paper featuring the DSSU:
The Story of Gravity and Lambda –How the Theory of Heraclitus Solved the Dark Matter Mystery
–Ranzan
Reprinted by permission of
PEP, from
Physics Essays, Vol 23, No1,
p7587 (2010 Mar).
ABSTRACT
This is the cure for the fallacious belief in cosmicscale Dark Matter.
The Story of Gravity and Lambda –How the Theory of Heraclitus Solved the Dark Matter Mystery
(Color version)
–Ranzan
Considered "an excellent contribution to the [PE journal]"
professional reviewer.
Unified Gravitation Cells of the DSSU
—Constructing the Universe with Cosmic Gravity Cells

RELATIVITY ARTICLES:
Why
Einstein Did Not Receive the Nobel Prize for His Theory of Relativity
(●Abstract ●Links ●Excerpts ●Extras)
—“By 1922 Einstein had been nominated about fifty times —most were for his
relativity theories.”
Einstein’s Simple Mathematical Trick –and the Illusion of a Constant Speed
of Light
(Abridged version with links to Journalpublished version. Posted July 2013)
Extended Relativity –Exploiting the Loopholes in Einstein's Relativity.
A Logical extension of special relativity. Reprinted by permission of
PEP,
from
Physics Essays Vol.25, No.3 (2012 Sept).
— Abstract & Links & Reviews —
The Three Components of the SpeedofLight Postulate.
Published in Physics Essays journal Vol.26,No.1 (2013 March)
Local copy:
The
Three Components of the SpeedofLight Postulate (pdf):
Absolute vs relative. Variance vs invariance. Another instance of the Heraclitian
"Harmony of Opposites." (Reprinted by permission of PEP, from
Physics Essays, Vol.26, No.1,
2013).
Relativity of Time in the Aether
Medium of the DSSU
—Absolute Motion and Intrinsic Time
Resolving a Paradox in Special
Relativity –Absolute Motion and the Unified Doppler Equation.
(Posted 2011, July). Reprinted by permission of
PEP, from
Physics Essays Vol.23, No.4, p594 (2010).
ABSTRACT
How DSSU Relativity Resolves the Speed Paradox (Introductory Discussion)
—Absolute Motion Resolves a (speed) Paradox in Einstein’s Special Relativity.
(Supplementary Discussion)
DSSU Relativity –The Lorentz Transformations Applied to AetherSpace
(Posted 2011, July). Reprinted by permission of Physics Essays Publication,
Physics Essays Vol.23, No.3, p520. (2010).
ABSTRACT
The Key that Extends Einstein’s Relativity (Part 1)
—Response to a reviewer critical of DSSU aetherspace relativity
The Key that Extends Einstein’s Relativity (Part 2)
—How to convert abstractspace equations into aetherspace equations
Restoring the Physical Meaning of Energy
Published in
Applied Physics Research journal
Vol.5, No.2
(2013 May).
LOCAL COPY:
Restoring the Physical Meaning of Energy —distinguishing
between the apparent energy and the real energy of moving mass.

An Open Letter to the Scientific Community
(Published in New Scientist, May 22, 2004)
"The big bang today relies on a growing number of
hypothetical entities, things that we have never observed inflation, dark
matter and dark energy are the most prominent examples. Without them, there
would be a fatal contradiction between the observations made by astronomers
and the predictions of the big bang theory. In no other field of physics
would this continual recourse to new hypothetical objects be accepted as a
way of bridging the gap between theory and observation. It would, at the
least, raise serious questions about the validity of the underlying theory.
..."
continues
...
A devastating Declaration of opposition to Big Bang cosmology
signed by more than 400 Researchers.
For the full text click on:
CosmologyStatement.org
or alternate
site.

INTELLECTUAL FREEDOM:
This website is mainly concerned with revisionism in cosmology. Those of us
involved in replacing the unnatural expandinguniverse paradigm are aware of
the difficulties involved.
However,
other revisionists have unimaginable difficulties. Consider the ongoing
persecution of revisionists in other fields of intellectual pursuit:
"It makes you wonder —about the immense effort being made
by State and Statesponsored organizations with budgets of tens of millions
of dollars and thousands of employees and associates to smother and punish
these few men and women. Every punishing instrument imaginable is used,
every vicious slander conceivable, every flagrant and pervasive form of
censorship that law allows, including the imprisonment of simple writers for
thought crimes against the State. ... Makes you wonder." —Bradley R. Smith (2011)
"Discussing truth is so controversial, so dangerous … In most of the
world it is simply illegal.”
Gordon Duff, Senior Editor, Veterans Today (2011)

DEDICATION: This website is solemnly dedicated to those
individuals who have conducted research in their chosen field and have
informed others of their inquiries and suffered the consequences when
subpoenaed by the Inquisition or some variant thereof. The dedication
extends to those individuals currently imprisoned, and those now facing
trial and persecution simply for exercising their basic human right of
freedom of expression supposedly granted to them under the UN Charter of
Human Rights.
"Every
year, hundreds of writers and other literary professionals around the world
are imprisoned, prosecuted, persecuted, attacked, threatened, forced into
exile or even murdered as a result of their work."
ALSO: Be aware of the continuing threat to our precious freedom of expression on the
Internet. The threat is serious and relentless. It is described as “… the formal effort to mimic Communist China’s
system of Internet censorship.” See
The Secret Behind SOPA
(2012Jan).
Update.
More information on threats to internet freedom:
https://battleforthenet.com/
Reporterjournalist
Arthur Topham, Canadian victim of the Inquisition,
arrested (2012) for posting his research.
“Arthur Topham faces prison time for daring to speak his mind on his own
website, as he
faces criminal charges under Canada’s hate crimes legislation contained in
Section 318  320 of the criminal code.” –Rights and Freedoms Bulletin Issue
No. 204 Feb 7, 2015.
VERDICT: Arthur Topham found “guilty” AND “not guilty” of hate speech
by a braindead jury!
–Dr. James Sears, reporting in “The world’s
Largest AntiMarxist Publication” (Issue 2015 December,
http://www.yourwardnews.com/backissues.html)
2016 Update:
Panel
Discussion on The Trial of Arthur Topham
The persecution of
Marc Lemire, for merely expressing his
reasoned opinion, continues. On October 2, 2012, (Canadian) Federal Court
Judge Mosley upheld the constitutionality of the repressive Sec.13 of the
Canadian Human Rights Act. This "Section 13" specifically hands over control of
the Internet to the HRC thought police.
“Marc Lemire Appeals outrageous ruling by the Federal Court on Section 13 censorship”
Two years later (2014), the abuse
continues!
From a 2015 report of Marc Lemire’s 10year struggle to preserve his right
to freedom of speech: “Found guilty for publishing a document he did not
write and didn’t even know existed on his website until he faced
prosecution, Lemire faces a lifetime ban on his freedom of speech should he
lose his last court appeal.” –Rights and Freedoms Bulletin Issue
No. 204 Feb 7, 2015
The struggle for freedom and justice in Canada has lost its greatest
champion, its most dedicated defender. On March 11, 2013,
Douglas Christie
passed away.
British Maverick Psychologist
jailed for publishing his research. … “The ambivalence of librarians
getting writers imprisoned quite defies comprehension.” –Simon Sheppard
(2013)
The repression of free speech in Canada has degenerated to the point where …
■ A tenured professor has lost his position for revealing his research and
views on history. This is unprecedented. Professor Anthony J. Hall at the
University of Lethbridge, Alberta, has been suspended (2016 October 5)
without pay.
■ A publisher/editor, for expressing his realitybased views, has been
denied postal services. Dr. James Sears, publisher and editor of
Your Ward News was
stripped of Canada Post Mail Service by government order (2016 June).
■ A violin teacher and truth revealer, Monika Schaefer, for posting a
video (an apology to her dead mother), has been attacked by various
socalled community leaders.
“The treatment of violinist Monika Schaefer signals the end of our free
and democratic society.” –The American Herald Tribune, 2016 Sept

... about the author ...
© Copyright 20052016 by
Conrad Ranzan & DSSU Research
All Rights Reserved
For information regarding permission to reproduce selected material
herein, please contact:
D S S U Research
Niagara Falls, Canada
15th year on the Internet.
Most recent update:
2016 Dec 8
Visits since mid2010 :
2016128 
 
The Key that Extends Einstein’s
Relativity
(Part 2)
Conversions between abstractspace equations and aetherspace equations
Conrad Ranzan
2010
Contrary to the Einstein assumptions,
absolute motion is consistent with relativistic effects, which are caused by
actual dynamical effects of absolute motion through the quantum foam, so that it
is Lorentzian relativity that is seen to be essentially correct.
–Reginald T. Cahill

How to Convert an Einstein Special Relativity Equation into a
Corresponding Aetherspace Equation
The “Key” is a simple equation. It converts an Einstein abstractspace
equation into a corresponding absolutespace equation. Its derivation is
detailed in DSSU Relativity
–The Lorentz
Transformations Applied to AetherSpace, (Physics Essays Vol.23,
No.3, 2010 Sept) (Abstract). In that Paper the Key appears as equation (47):
Conversion equation: 

(47) 
The symbols
u,
u_{A}, and
u_{B} represent
collinear velocities or velocity components; c is the speed of
light. The absolute motion of reference frame “A” is given by
u_{A}, and the
absolute motion of reference frame “B” is given by
u_{B}. And the
relative motion between them is u.
This equation serves three purposes:
(i) converts the absolute speeds
u_{A} and
u_{B} to a
relative speed;
(ii) ensures the predicted observable relative speed
u is always less than
c;
(iii) links any Einstein special relativity (ESR)
expression to an aetherreferenced equivalent equation.
Our interest is focused on purpose (iii).
To make the conversion from an Einstein abstractspace equation to an
aetherspace equation we simply substitute the above expression and do the
algebra.
First we’ll convert the commonly used Lorentz factor.




Flowchart 1.
Lorentz factor (gamma, γ)conversions.
To go from ESR to DSSU the procedure is to substitute the conversion
equation. To go from DSSU to ESR the procedure is as follows: Observer
in frame A considers himself motionless, thus
u_{A} is
replaced by zero. Then the motion of frame B becomes the
relative motion; and so
u_{B}
is replaced by
u.
Note that
γ_{A}
and γ_{B} are intrinsic Lorentz factors (1− (u_{A} /c)^{2})^{−1/2}
and (1− (u_{B} /c)^{2})^{−1/2}. 

When converting the aetherreferenced Lorentz factors,
γ_{A} and
γ_{B}, use the same method
stated in the caption for Flowchart 1. Change
the velocities from ‘absolute’ to ‘apparent’ (or relative). That is, change the
velocities for A and B from aetherreferenced to
observerreferenced.
Time Dilation, Clock Slowing
If time is what is measured by clocks, then time dilation is more
properly called clock slowing. Consider an observer in frame A and another observer in frame B.
The two frames are in relative motion with respect to each other. And, they are also in absolute motion with respect to aetherspace. Next,
consider the time interval between two events —such as two ticks of a clock. The
expression ∆t_{o}
is a clocktime interval measured within, say, frame B; while
∆t
is the corresponding time interval determined by the observer in frame A.
The question is, “How does observer B’s ∆t_{o}
compare with observer A’s clocktime?”




Flowchart 2.
Time dilation (clock slowing) equation conversions. To go from ESR to DSSU
the procedure is to substitute the conversion equation. To go from DSSU
to ESR the procedure is as follows: Observer A considers himself
motionless, thus
u_{A} is
replaced by zero. Then the motion of frame B becomes the
relative motion; and so
u_{B}
is replaced by
u.
The expression
∆t_{o}
is the proper time measured from within the particular clock's
own reference frame. 

Observer A “sees” that observer B’s time as being dilated. In
other words the relatively moving clock appears to run slower.
Note that the gamma factor (γ) is
always greater than unity. However, the difference between
γ and 1 is not significant unless the
velocity is greater than onetenth the speed of light.
Length Contraction




Flowchart 3.
Length contraction equation conversions. To go from ESR to DSSU the
procedure is to substitute the conversion equation. For the procedure
for going from DSSU to ESR, see the Flowchart1 caption. The conversion
also applies to the various gamma (γ)
factors as detailed for Flowchart 1. 

Velocity Transformation
The velocity transformation equation, shown in
Flowchart 4, is also known as the relativistic law of addition of
velocities. It transforms an apparent velocity u′ within one frame,
say B, into an apparent velocity u for an observer in the other
frame (relatively moving frame A).
Simply put, if an observer B measures the speed of some object to be
u′ then observer A will find the speed of the same object to be
u.




Flowchart 4.
Velocity transformation equation conversions. To go from ESR to
DSSU the procedure is to substitute the conversion equation. For the
procedure for going from DSSU to ESR, see the Flowchart1 caption. 

What is significant about the DSSU expression is that the transformation of
an apparent velocity/speed (apparent speed u′ into apparent speed
u) is accomplished by the use of absolute motions.
Relativistic Linear Momentum
The momentum of an object is defined as the product of its mass times its
velocity. The classical expression, suitable for normal speeds, is,
p = m
u .
When the velocity magnitude is a significant fraction of the speed of light,
rest mass m must be replaced by the relativistic mass, expressed
as γm_{o}.
The expression for relativistic mass is a mathematical consequence of
the Lorentz transformation and the law of conservation of momentum.




Flowchart 5.
Relativistic linear momentum equation conversions. To go from ESR
to DSSU the procedure is to substitute the conversion equation. For the
procedure for going from DSSU to ESR, see the Flowchart1 caption. (The
various γ factors are converted as detailed in Flowchart 1.) 

Relativistic Kinetic Energy
The relativistic kinetic energy of a particle (or mass) is defined as
the difference between the total energy, and the rest energy.




Flowchart 6.
Relativistic kinetic energy equation conversions. To go from ESR to
DSSU the procedure is to substitute the conversion equation. For the
procedure for going from DSSU to ESR, see the Flowchart1 caption. (The
various γ factors, again, are converted as detailed in Flowchart 1.) 

The Detection of Absolute Motion —Reality and Method
Absolute motion was first detected in the year 1887 by Albert Michelson and
Edward Morley. It was a pioneering attempt to measure the Earth’s motion with respect to the aether
that pervades the universe and fills all space.
There are two known methods for measuring absolute motion (its magnitude
and direction). One is the traditional method (based on a 2^{nd} order
effect of
u/c); the other is a
comparatively new method (based on a 1^{st} order effect of
u/c). The first method is the
gasmode Michelson optical interferometer and dates back to 1887. It is a
cumbersome method that measures an extremely weak effect (an effect that has
often been misinterpreted). The second method is the detection of a speed
anisotropy associated with radiofrequency transmissions (beamed or
cableconducted). It involves measuring the time difference of transmissions
along a cable (or through air or space) in opposite directions. The idea is to
measure the oneway transmission time, say in the northtosouth direction,
between transceiver stations, and then to compare it with the transmission time
for the southtonorth direction. The Roland De Witte Experiment of 1991 was of
this kind. The magnitude of the difference varies as the Earth and ‘apparatus’
rotate with respect to the celestial sphere; the variation with direction
provides a map of the anisotropy.
For the
details on this 1^{st} order method of measuring absolute motion
(magnitude and direction) see Professor Reginald T. Cahill’s article,
The
Roland De Witte 1991 Experiment (to the Memory of Roland De Witte)
(Progress
in Physics, Vol.3, July, 2006 ) pp6065 [Posted at:
www.pteponline.com/index_files/2006/PP0611.pdf
]
What About the Cosmic Absolute Reference Frame?
What about the wellknown absolute frame of reference provided by the CBR
—the frame in which the CBR is isotropic)? ... This frame is highly useful for
referencing cosmic scale motions, such as the drift of galaxies and other
astronomical objects —and even the flow of aetherspace itself ! But it has no
practical use in special relativity. The reason is that relativity
(whether ESR or DSSU) applies to ‘local’ motions only. It applies to local
motion only, because Relativity Theory is dependent on what local aetherspace
is doing (how it is moving) —in Einstein’s version, of course, it depends on
what local abstractspace is doing (how it is curving/distorting).
How Important is Absolute Motion?
It turns out that absolute motion is the very cause of relativistic effects
—both apparent and intrinsic. Absolute motion is what determines
observerdependent effects as well as observerindependent effects.
Most importantly absolute motion is now understood to be the cause of the
various relativistic effects, in complete contradiction with the Einstein
viewpoint, but in accord with the earlier proposal by Lorentz.
–Reginald T. Cahill [The Speed of Light and the Einstein Legacy:
19052005 Infinite Energy, Vol.10, Issue 60
(2005) pp.2837]
(This Part2 article has focused mainly on the apparent effects
—the ones that depend on the apparent relative motion between two
frames, two observers. The absolute effects are detailed in the fullversion
Paper.)
* * * *
Copyright © 2010
by Conrad Ranzan
contact:
ranzan@CellularUniverse.org


LINK to Part 1 of this article:
The Key that Extends
Einstein’s Relativity (Part 1)
● Author’s response to a reviewer
critical
of DSSU aetherspace relativity
201010
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